Teen Birth Control Without Consent

Our daughters and birth control mean more than just pregnancy prevention to moms. Most times it is facing the reality our daughters are sexually active or considering having sex. Either way, it is a critical time in the mother-daughter relationship, or any parenting relationship. Parents want to protect the mental, physical, and emotional health of their child and ensure all the information, relevant to the values of that household, are being reinforced. That duty should not be taken away by the school board, state, or special interest groups.

Birth control is not something any parent wants to leave as the sole choice of their minor child. They are just starting to live and while most teenagers believe they know enough, we adults and parents, looking back on the arrogance of our adolescence, realize they don’t know jack. A school nurse or Planned Parenthood counselor are not much more qualified to know if a random child should be given birth control without the consent or knowledge of that child’s parent. Yet, this is a very common practice throughout the nation. Recently a 6th grader was implanted with an IUD without their parent’s consent. While living in New York, I remember learning minors can get the “morning after pill” and even utilize abortion services without the consent of parents. Yes, you may never know if your daughter was sexually active, exposing herself to disease, pregnant, or worse. What if your daughter were too ashamed to admit she was involved in an abusive relationship or sexually assaulted resulting in the possibility of pregnancy so she “took care of it” herself.

This is why education, political involvement, and, most importantly, open and honest communication with our children is important. Communication involves listening to their thoughts and concerns as well as giving information about our expectations as parents. If the lines of communication are not open, they may believe an impartial counselor or nurse would have the answer for their situation. Remain a loving, receptive, and active mom in your daughter’s life because their life depends on it.

Check your current state legislation to see if there have been changes or additions to any policy.

STATE CONDITIONS FOR OBTAINING CONTRACEPTIVE SERVICES
Alabama Minors over 14 years, who have completed HS, who are married, or who have a child may get any health care services.
Alaska All minors with no restrictions.
Arizona All minors with no restrictions.
Arkansas All minors with no restrictions.
California All minors with no restrictions.
Colorado All minors with no restrictions.
Connecticut Minors who are married.
Delaware For minors who are 12 and over, the physician may, but is not required to, inform the parents.
District of Columbia All minors with no restrictions.
Florida Minors who require contraceptives for health reasons, who are married, have a child, are pregnant, or who have ever been pregnant.
Georgia All minors with no restrictions.
Hawaii For minors 14 and over, the physician may, but is not required to, inform the parents.
Idaho All minors with no restrictions.
Illinois Minors who require contraceptives for health reasons, who are married, have a child, are pregnant, who have ever been pregnant, or who have a refrral.
Indiana Minors who are married.
Iowa All minors with no restrictions.
Kansas Minors who are mature.
Kentucky All minors with no restrictions. However, the physician may, but is not required to, inform the parents.
Louisiana Minors who are married.
Maine Minors who require contraceptives for health reasons, who are married, or have a child.
Maryland All minors with no restrictions. However, the physician may, but is not required to, inform the parents.
Massachusetts All minors with no restrictions.
Michigan Minors who are married.
Minnesota All minors with no restrictions. However, the physician may, but is not required to, inform the parents.
Mississippi Minors who are married, have a child, or who have a referral.
Missouri Minors who are married.
Montana All minors with no restrictions. However, the physician may, but is not required to, inform the parents.
Nebraska Minors who are married.
Nevada Minors who are married. Minors who have a child or who are mature may get any health care services.
New Hampshire Minors who are mature.
New Jersey Minors who are are married, pregnant, or who have ever been pregnant may get any health care services.
New Mexico All minors with no restrictions.
New York All minors with no restrictions.
North Carolina All minors with no restrictions.
North Dakota No explicit policy.
Ohio No explicit policy.
Oklahoma Minors who are are married, pregnant, or who have ever been pregnant.
Oregon All minors with no restrictions. However, the physician may, but is not required to, inform the parents.
Pennsylvania Minors who are are married, pregnant, have ever been pregnant, or graduated HS may get any health care services.
Rhode Island No explicit policy.
South Carolina Minors who are married, 16 or over, or who are mature.
South Dakota Minors who are married.
Tennessee All minors with no restrictions.
Texas Minors who are married. State funds may not be used.
Utah Minors who are married. State funds may not be used.
Vermont Minors who are married.
Virginia All minors with no restrictions.
Washington All minors with no restrictions.
West Virginia Minors who are married.
Wisconsin No explicit policy.
Wyoming All minors with no restrictions.

Source: “Minors Access to Contraceptive Services,” State Policies in Brief, AGI, Dec 1, 2005.

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